Recommendation No. 1: to create a State Secretariat for “Digital Democracy, Innovation, Foresight and Transformation”.
Focusing on issues related to the technological explosion, the functions of this State Secretariat would be:
- to standardize the policies dealing with digital technology in order to allow our country to take advantage of the unprecedented opportunities that have arisen out of the digital revolution and to limit the risks/threats to its social model in a environment that is more highly globalized than ever before ;
- to make France more innovative (society, economy, industry, administration,….), by making full use of the technological explosion that resulted from the digital revolution, in order to reposition our country in the international economy;
- to define a short/mid/long term transformation strategy to project our model of society into the future, based on a thorough understanding of the technological stakes and the trajectory of our evolution, particularly with regard to the major challenges/issues of our time (ecological disorder, sustainable development,…).
In order to ensure that their work will be taken into consideration at the highest levels, the new State Secretariat would work in close collaboration with the President of the Republic’s cabinet and the Prime Minister’s cabinet. To ensure a tight cooperation, positions of “Advisors on Digital Democracy, Innovation, Foresight and Transformation” would be created in each of these cabinets.
Recommendation No. 2: to work towards the adoption of an international convention for the protection of privacy and personal data, under the aegis of the United Nations General Assembly.
The resolution adopted in November 2009 in Madrid, after the international Data protection and Privacy Commissioners’ conference, the French Information Technology and Freedom law of January 6th 1978, the European directive 95/46/CE of 1995 and the draft bill for European regulation regarding the protection of personal data, of January 25 2012, provide a solid foundation upon which a fair global legal regime can be formulated.
Recommendation No. 3: to work towards the maturing of an European position as well as a strategy with regard to global Internet governance (neutrality of the network, the right of an individual to be "forgotten",…) within the different institutions involved (Icann, UIT/ITU, FGI)
Recommendation No. 4: to work towards the efficient deployment of the Digital Agenda for Europe in France
Recommendation No. 5: to make access to information and to knowledge via the Internet a fundamental right, on the basis of a universal minimum service at a national and European level
Recommendation No. 6: to work towards evolving a French and European position as well as a strategy for managing technological risks.
Recommendation No. 7: to create a National Knowledge Commission (NKC), under the authority of the Prime Minister, (and ideally the State Secretariat for Transformation; cf. proposal No. 1)
This commission would be responsible for preparing France for the shift towards a Knowledge based society, by means of an open, transversal and pluridisciplinary reflection structured around the following themes: education, higher education, professional training, research and innovation. The impact of the digital revolution and specifically the new means of access, creation and distribution/sharing of the resulting knowledge should be stressed.
Recommendation No. 8: to develop and structure the India-France initiative on "Open Government" (IFIOG), launched in December 2010 through the creation of a permanent work group to mobilize experts and an “Open Forum” to begin a vast debate with civil society.
One of the aims of this group could be to use the open source digital platform, recently jointly developed by India and the United States, as a basis (while also transforming it) with an aim to make it available to the countries that want to launch an “Open Data” program. The combination of French influence in Africa, for example and the proven capabilities of its industrial and technological base in the area of IT, effectively provides a powerful means of offering this innovative platform to a growing number of countries which have neither important financial means nor an adequate skill bank.
Recommendation No. 9: to concretize, with the Indian government, a limited number of high potential joint investment projects under the sections “development of usage and innovative content” and “shared infrastructures” (2.5 billion Euros) of the French National loan
Recommendation No. 10: to concretize, with the Indian government, a series of common innovative projects in the framework of the European Commission’s Pan European investment program (Connecting Europe Facility, CIF) on high speed internet (9.2 billion Euros) implemented as part of the Europe 2020 digital strategy
Recommendation No. 11: to set up a vast cooperation program with "Singularity University" (Silicon Valley) in order to create a European campus in France that would draw upon a wide network of partnerships with European actors (public and private) in the areas of innovation, technology and design/implementation of public policies
Recommendation No. 12: to deploy in France, through a set of partnerships, an ambitious program of “reverse social and frugal innovations”, with the goal of harnessing the transformative potential of disruptive initiatives launched in emerging countries (such as the “Aakash” ultra low cost tablet in India).